Cregganduff is a townland of 574 statute acres 3 roods and 38 perches in County Armagh about two miles east of Crossmaglen on the road to Newry. It is bounded on the north by Freeduff and Tullynavall, on the east by Lurgancullenboy, on the south by Cregganbane and on the west by Cloghoge. In the Tithe Applotment Books of 1828 the total area of the townland is recorded as 320 acres 3 roods and 32 perches (Plantation Irish measure).
Name of townland
John Donaldson says that "This townland, from which the parish of Creggan takes its name, is now divided into two - the one half being laid off for the glebe. The Rector's division became better cultivated than the rest of the townland, and received the name of Creggan-ban, or white Creggan; but the remaining part, now set to tenents, is equally as rocky and uncultivable as Cregganduff, or Black Creggan, the name by which the other half of the townland is distinguished." (1)
Ordnanace Survey Name Books: Creggan Parish (2)
CREGGAN DUFF (OSNB ii 16): There are several portions of bog in this td.. the remainder is under tillage, but the soil is of inferior quality growing light crops. There are several connecting bye roads in this Td. for the convenience of the inhabitants who are very numerous here but their dwellings are rather wretched. The S.W. corner comes down to the village of Creggan.
Griffiths Valuation records the owner of most of the townland as John J. Biggar with the exception of seven houses and 16 acres belonging to Patrick Murphy. A National School House and a forge (Patrick Murphy) is recorded. Of the 50 land holdings listed, 24 were of less than ten acres, 18 were between ten and twenty acres and eight were of 20 or more acres.
Also at the time of the Valuation the Dundalk Silver, Lead and Copper Mining Company had a mine in the townland. It did not prosper and was closed without making a profit.
Census of Ireland 1901 - Native Irish Speakers
Of the 27 households enumerated, 17 contained at least one native Irish speaker - a total of 23 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh.
The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.
In the period of 110 years, the number of households more than halved halved but the population dropped by 76% - more than threequarters. There was a reduction of 141 people (35%) between 1841 and 1851, clearly as a result of the Great Famine. The decline continued for the next century reflecting the continuing effects of the Famine and emigration. As can be seen from the House and Landholder lists, the number of houses in the townland was recovering in the second half of the twentieth century development due to rural redevelopment.
My family lived in the townland between 1952 and 1971, when my parents went to live with my sister, May Treanor, in Preston, Lancashire. As a boy, Creggan graveyard, just down the road in Cregganbane was a favourite place of mine and I often rested on the O'Neill slab, unaware of the vault beneath. From there I went to the Abbey Grammer School in Newry and while working in Newry until I married in 1961.
House and Land Holders
All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.
Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, the details provide a comparison of the names of house and land holders who were listed in the Townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.
|Census of Creggan||Tithe Applotment Books||Griffiths Valuation||Census of Ireland||First NI Revaluation||Second Revaluation|
|Cormack Grimes||Cormick Bennett||Patrick Begley||Patrick Conlon||Bridget Byrne||John Barry||John Barry|
|Daniel Moley||John Bennett||John Carty||Richard Conlon||Patrick Carraher||Owen Burns||- Burke|
|Francis McShane||John Bennett||James Carragher||James Crummie||Patrick Conlon||James Carragher||- Burns|
|John Grimes||Michael Caherty||Richard Conlon||Mary Daly||Thomas Conlon||Patrick Clarke||Patrick Burns|
|Matthew Jeffers||Owen Callaghan||Eliza Craig||Patrick Dobbs||Michael Daly||Richard Conlon||Kevin Burns|
|Neese Moley||Michael Conlon||Neill Crommie||James Fisher||Michael Daly||John Cowan||- Callan|
|Patrick Moley||Patt Craig||James Curnew||Neil Galloghly||Owen Gallogly||Michael Daly||Patrick Clarke|
|Teage Moley||Neale Crummy||Peter Daly||Ann Gill||Thomas Grant||Edward Devlin||Richard Conlon|
|Terence Hillick||Philip Daily||Mary Dillon||Thomas Hearty||John Hearty||Patrick Donaghy||T. Conlon|
|Widow Moley||Thomas Duffy||Neill English||Neil Jeffers||Bernard Jeffers||Patrick Donaghy||John Cowan|
|Bryan Golligly||Bryan Foggie||Samuel Jeffers||Ellen Johnston||Thomas Grant||Michael Daly|
|Bryan Golligly||Margaret Graham||Terence Larkin||Patrick Largy||Richard Harvey||Edward Devlin|
|Arthur Graham||Mary Graham||?? McClure||Terence Larkin||Frank Hughes||P. Donaghy|
|Felix Graham||Owen Graham||Catherine McKeown||Thomas Loughran||J. Jeffers||Patrick Donaghy|
|James Hearty||Patrick Hagarty||George McLean||Alexander Lowe||Annie Kearns||Patrick Donaghy|
|Patt Hearty||James Hearty||Mary McParland||John Lynch||Thomas Keeley||- Gallagher|
|George Hughes||James Hearty||Arthur Moley||Thomas McKenna||Elizabeth Largey||Patrick Hearty|
|Matthew Jeffers||Bryan Jeffers||James Moley||Bernard McParland||Peter Larkin||Frank Hughes|
|Frank Keeran||Samuel Jeffers||Patrick Moley||Edward Moley||Alexander Lowe||Annie Kearns|
|James Kelly||Patrick Larkin||Bridget Murphy||Michael Moley||Felix Loye||Thomas Keeley|
|Patt Largy||James Loughran||Catherine Murphy||Michael Moley||Mary K. Loye||Elizabeth Largey|
|Edward Larkin||Patrick Loughran||Mary Murphy||Reps Patrick Moley||Emily Lynch||Mary K. Loye|
|David Lockhart||Patrick Mallon||Patrick Murphy||James Murphy||Michael Mallie||Alexander Lowe|
|Ferfus McLeane||Bryan Magee||Anne Quigley||Mary Murphy||Kevin McGahon||Michael Mallie|
|Edward McMahon||William McClane||Rose Quigley||Patrick J. Murphy||Thomas McKenna||- Marks|
|Bernard McParland||Roger McDonnell||Bernard Quinn||Patrick Murphy||Bernard McParland||William Robert McBride|
|Francis McKenna||Edward McGurk||Terence McParland||Patrick Murphy (Owen)||Elizabeth McQuillan||- McConnell|
|James McKenna||Patrick McGurk||Patrick Quigley||Edward Moley||Kevin McGahon|
|Patt McKenna||Bryan McFarlan||Patrick Quinn||Emily Moley||Thomas McKenna|
|Patt McKenna||Owen McKenna||Michael Reel||Michael Moley||Elizabeth McQuillan|
|Widow McKenna||Letty McLoughlin||Patrick Traynor||Michael Morrison||Emily Moley|
|Terence McSherry||Patrick McMahon||J. Murphy||Michael Moley|
|James Marks||Alicia Moley||Land &c||John Murphy||Michael Morrison|
|James Marks||Arthur Moley||Peter Byrne||Patrick F. Murphy||John Murphy|
|James Marks||James Moley||Mary Halligan||Patrick Murphy||Michael John Murphy|
|James Marks||John Moley||James Hearty||Patrick Murphy (Owen)||Patrick Murphy|
|Patt Mines||Paul Moley||Reps. Thomas Hearty||Margaret Quigley||Patrick Murphy (Owen)|
|Patt Mines||Arthur Murphy||William McBride||Peter Reel (Carnally)||- O'Hagan|
|Arthur Moley||Arthur Murphy||Mary McDermott||Mary Rooney||Patrick Quigley|
|Edward Moley||Christopher Murphy||John Moley Jn.||Stephen Stephenson||- Reel|
|James Moley||John Murphy||James Quigley||Stephen Stephenson||Peter Reel (Carnally)|
|John Moley||Michael Murphy||William Quigley||C. Stephens||Michael Rooney|
|Owen Moley||Patrick Murphy||Cecil Stevens||Stephen Stephenson|
|Anthony Murphy||Patrick Murphy (Tom)||Bernard Trainor||Cecil Stevens|
|Arthur Murphy||Francis O'Neill||Alice Traynor||- Toner|
|Charles Murphy||Mary O'Neill||Bernard Trainor|
|Daniel Murphy||William Quigley||Malachi Trainor|
|Michael Murphy||Bryan Quinn|
|Owen Murphy (Charles)||Charles Quinn||Land||Land|
|Peter Murphy||Thomas Simmons||Peter Byrne||Felix Burns|
|Thomas Murphy||James Traynor||Richard Gerrard Conlon||Richard Gerrard Conlon|
|Thomas Murphy||Maj. F.E. Eastwood||Patrick Crawley|
|John Nelson (?Wilson)||Land||T. Grant||Maj. F.E. Eastwood|
|Widow O'Neale||Michael Conlon||Mary Halligan||Travers Ferguson|
|Charles Quinne||Bryan Hughes||James Hearty||Peter Hearty|
|Jonathan Smith||Patrick Larkin||P. Largey||Richard Kearns|
|John Stitt||Patrick Murphy||P. Largy||Hugh Largey|
|James Waters||William McClane||James McDermott||Hugh Largy|
|William Stitt||James McKeown (Lisseraw)||P. Largy|
|Michael Murphy||Edward Moley|
|R.J. Murphy||Francis Murphy|
|John Quinn||John Quinn|
|Joseph Quigley||Peter Reel|
1. 'Account of the Barony of Upper Fews" 1838, Note 6 p.102
2. G. Jarvis (up to 1835) as compiled by A.J. Hughes in Seanchas Ard Mhacha Vol 15 No 1 1992 pp 97 - 112.
Last Updated on 6 October 2004
© Patrick Devlin 2004