Tullydonnell O'Callaghan (586 statute acres 2 roods and 26 perches) lies about five miles due east of Crossmaglen straddling the A29 from Newtownhamilton to Dundalk about a mile and a half south of Ford's Cross. In the Tithe Applotment Books the area of the townland (then known as Tullydonnell Nixon) was recorded as 359 acres 3 roods and 3 perches (Plantation Irish measure). It is bounded on the north by Legmoylin, on the east by Carrive, on the south by Tullydonnell (Gage) and on the west by Glassdrumman.
Name of Townland
Tullach Dónail, "Daniel's hill of O'Donnell's hill" (1).
There are five townlands called 'Tullydonnell' in Ireland. They are in Counties Armagh (2), Louth (1) and Donegall (Tullydonnell Upper and Tullydonnell Lower).
There are two Tullydonnell townlands in Co. Armagh - Tullydonnell Gage and Tullydonnell O'Callaghan. John Donaldson, in his 'Account of the Barony of Upper Fews" (1838), says -
"There are three townlands of the name of Tullydonnell which take their name from their former proprietors - to wit, Tullydonnell Nixon, Tullydonnell Gage and Tullydonnell Tichburn or Ballinaclosh." (Note 16 p.103)
The Creggan 1766 Census is of a single townland. If we assume that subsequently the townland was split between the different owners, then Tullydonnell (Nixon) and Tullydonnell (O'Callaghan) are the same. Tullydonnell Gage remains as before and Tullydonnell Tichburn is Ballynaclosha. The 1664 and 1766 details have been incorporated in both the Tullydonnell (Gage) and Tullydonnell (O'Callaghan) pages.
Ordnanace Survey Name Books: Creggan Parish (2)
TULLYDONNELL NIXON [Tullydonnell O'Callaghan] (OSNB ii 47): Two good bye roads Intersect each other In the centre of this td. The dwellings scattered thro' this td. are very numerous, small and despicable. It Is held In small farms, principally under tillage. Of a light soil growing indifferent crops.
Griffiths Valuation (1854) records that the whole of the townland was owned by Mary Anne O'Callaghan.
Census of Ireland 1901
In Census the 48 households enumerated contained 183 people occupying 109 rooms - an average of 3.8 persons per household and 1.7 persons per room. Forty of the households occupied houses with two rooms, two with three rooms, two with four rooms and one with five rooms. There were three one-room cabins.
Native Irish Speakers
Of the 48 households enumerated in 1901, 22 contained at least one native Irish speaker - a total of 37 in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh, with the exception of Ellen Garvey born in Co. Galway.
* Of the group, 17 could read and write, one could read only and 19 could neither read nor write
The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.
In the period of 110 years, the number of households more than halved (55%) and the population dropped by 65%. The largest drop (53%) was in the 60 years to 1901reflecting the continuing effects of the Great Famine, emigration and lack of rural employment opportunities. In the 50 years to 1951 the decline was more modest.
Names of House and Land Holders
All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.
Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, the details provide a comparison of the names of house and land holders who were listed in the Townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.
|Hearth Money Rolls||Census of Creggan||Tithe Applotment Books||Griffiths Valuation||Census of Ireland||First NI Revaluation||Second Revaluation|
|Patte McCardill||Thomas Boyle||Cullon (?) Burns||Bryan Caherty||Mary Brannigan||James Burns||Bridget Caherty||Patrick Carroll|
|Hugh Campbell||Edward Caherty||Owen Caherty||Julia Caherty||John Caherty||Patrick Carroll||Thomas Conlon|
|Hugh Fegan||Owen Caherty||Ann Campbell||Catherine Campbell||Michael Creegan||Thomas Conlon||Peter Creegan|
|James Garvy||Patt Caherty||Ann Campbell||Michael Campbell||Peter Creegan||Michael Creegan (Carrive)||J. Devlin|
|Michael Gernon||Hugh and Patt Campbell||Hugh Campbell||Patrick Campbell||Francis Donaghy||Peter Creegan||Francis Donaghy|
|Richard Gernon||Patt Campbell||John Campbell||James Connellan||Patrick Donaghy||J. Devlin||Francis Donnelly|
|Art Hughs||Patt Campbell||Michael Campbell||Patrick Creegan||Thomas Donohoe||Francis Donaghy||John Donaghy|
|Edmund Kelly||Peter Campbell||Robert Campbell||Peter Creegan||Francis Fegan||Francis Donnelly||Patrick Donaghy|
|Patrick Kelly||Widow Campbell||Thomas Campbell||Terence Devlin||Michael Fegan||T. Donaghue||John Fegan|
|Neal Kelly||John Cassidy||Patrick Cassidy||Thomas Donaghy||Michael Fegan||Patrick Donaghy||Patrick Fegan|
|Terence Kelly||Patt Cassidy||Andrew Creegan||Thomas Duffy||Patrick Fegan||George Fegan||Peter Fegan|
|Cormack Lavill||Edward Crawford||Owen Devlin||Michael Fegan||Peter Fegan||J. Fegan||T. Gaitland|
|Patrick Maly||Hugh Crawford||Matthew Donnelly||Owen Fegan||Bernard Garvey||John Fegan||Bridget Grant|
|Henry McArdle||James Crawford||Francis Fegan||Patrick Fegan||Michael Garvey (James)||Patrick Fegan||John Grant|
|Cormick McCaherky||James Crawford||James Fegan||Patrick Fegan||Hugh Grant||Peter Fegan||James Hollywood|
|Hugh McCann||Owen Crilly||Michael Fegan (James)||Terence Fegan||Patrick Grant||T. Gaitland||John Hollywood|
|Bryan McElroy||John Devlin||Michael Fegan (Terence)||Thomas Fegan||Patrick Grant||John Grant||John Kelly|
|Art McShane||Patt Devlin||Owen Fagan||Mary Garland||John Hollywood||Patrick Grant||Margaret Lennon|
|Hugh McShane||Francis Fegan||Peter Fegan (James)||James Garvey||Mary Hollywood||Peter Grant||Louisa McElroy|
|James Moan||Hugh Fegan||Terence Fegan||Mary Garvey||John Kelly||John Hollywood||Thomas McKenna|
|Bryan Murphy||Hugh Fegan||Patrich Frier||Hugh Grant||Patrick Kelly||John Hollywood||Mary McKeown|
|Charles Murphy||Laughlin Fegan||James Garvey||Owen Grant||Catherine Lynch||Bridget Kelly||John McNally|
|Dennis Murphy||Peter Fegan||James Garvey||Mary Heaney||Owen McCabe||John Kelly||John Joseph McShane|
|James Murphy||Terence (?) Fegan||Thomas Garvey||Michael Hollywood||James McGinn||Margaret Lennon||Daniel O'Sullivan|
|Patrick Murphy||Terence Fegan||Matthew Grant||Mary Hughes||Owen McKeon||Owen McCabe||Patrick Rice|
|Widow Murphy||Thomas Fegan||James Hughes||Bridget Kelly||Edward McNally||John McElroy||Patrick Roddy|
|Hugh Rice||Thomas Finegan||James Kelly||Patrick Kelly||John McShane||Mary McKeown||Gerald Rowland|
|Widow Robb||Widow Fegan||Patrick Kelly||Patrick Kelly||Edward Murphy||John McNally||F. Sheridan|
|Widow Roddy||James Fogey||Catherine Laville||Rosey Kelly||Margaret Quinn||William McShane||Charles Webb|
|Nesse Short||Patt Friar||Owen Laville||Owen Kerley||Peter Rafferty||Patrick Rice|
|John Smith||Edward Garland||Charles Maginn||Bernard McCabe||Patrick Rice||Patrick Roddy||Land|
|Thomas Smith||Edward Garland||Elenor McCoey||Patrick McCabe||Mary Roddy||Bridget Sheridan||Bridget Caherty|
|Patrick Trenor||Laurence Garland||Arthur McKeon||Elizabeth McGinn||Peter Roddy Jun.||F. Sheridan||John Cumiskey|
|Nicholas Garland||Patrick McKeon||Mary McKeown||James Sheridan||Charles Webb||John Cumisky|
|Thomas Garland||Edward McNally||Michael McKeown||Charles Webb||Michael Creegan (Carrive)|
|Bryan Garvey||Denis McVeigh||John McNally||Land||Patrick Donnelly|
|Manus Garvey||Roger Mooney||John McShane||Land||Michael Creegan||George Fegan|
|Michael Garvey||James Murphy||Edward Murphy||Bernard Boyle||Mary Anne Donaghy||Francis Fegan|
|Patt Garvey||John Murphy||Margaret Murphy||Anne Creegan||Francis Fegan||J. Fegan|
|Bryan Heaney||Micheal Murphy||Mary Murphy||Thomas Donaghy||Bernard Garvey||Bernard Garvey|
|Francis Heaney||Mary Anne O'Callaghan||Michael Murphy||Francis Fegan||M. Garvey||Michael Garvey|
|Ann Johnston||Ann Quinn||Edward Quinn||Mary Fegan||J. Grant||J. Grant|
|Catherine Kelly||Francis Rafferty||John Rafferty||Terence Fegan||James Kelly||Peter Grant|
|Matthew Kelly||James Rice||Philip Reilly||Edward Garland||J. McElroy||Bridget Kelly|
|Michael Kelly||James Roddy||Catherine Ruddy||Patrick Heaney||Annie McKeown||Patrick Kelly|
|Michael Kelly||John Roddy||Mary Ruddy||Patrick Keeley||Bridget McMahon||Peter Kelly|
|Patt Kelly||Neil Roddy||Mary Ruddy||James Keely||Margaret Quinn||Peter Mallie|
|Patt Kerley||Owen Roddy||Peter Ruddy||Owen Kerley||Peter Roddy||Owen McCabe|
|Hugh Keverty||Owen (G) Smyth||Thomas Loy||T. Roddy||Annie McKeown|
|Widow Lavill||Owen McKeown||Thomas Roddy||Bridget McMahon|
|Michael Mackin||Land||Ann McMahon||Peter Roddy|
|Edward McAnally||Owen Callaghan||James McMahon||Thomas Roddy|
|Bryan McCabe||Anne Campbell||Thomas Roddy|
|James McCabe||Hugh Campbell|
|Widow McCabe||Robert Campbell|
|Hugh McCann||Patrick Cassidy|
|Nancy McCann||Andrew Creegan|
|Francis McCoy||James Garvey|
|Bryan McKay||Bryan Murphy|
|Alex McKeone||Anne Quinn|
|Patt McKeone||Owen Roddy|
|James (Pied) Murphy|
1. Hugh Macauley, "Creggan", Journal of Creggan Local History Society, No.6 1992 p.38
2. G. Jarvis (up to 1835) as compiled by A.J. Hughes in Seanchas Ard Mhacha Vol 15 No 1 1992 pp 97 - 112.
Last Updated on 11 October 2004
© Patrick Devlin 2004